Do you want to incorporate The Great American Solar Eclipse of August 21, 2017 into your child’s education? There’s a lot of great educational material on YouTube, but it can get lost in the vast noise of content. If you search for solar eclipses, you’ll find low-quality iPhone videos, lectures that try to connect this year’s eclipse to obscure interpretations of Revelation, and even literal flat-earthers who think solar eclipses are a big conspiracy theory (seriously). I watched 50 eclipse clips to find the most helpful resources to incorporate into your educational experience. (OK, only 49 if you don’t count Bonnie Tyler’s “Total Eclipse of the Heart”!)
I’ve divided them into two categories: “educational” videos about eclipses, to help you learn what to expect during an eclipse, and “experiential” videos of eclipses, to see an eclipse in action and the reactions of people who see one.
CLIPS ABOUT ECLIPSES:
If you only watch one: This 5-minute video from Vox has good illustrations and all the basic information to understand eclipses (although some of it moves quickly, so it’s OK to pause.)
Crash Course has a solid 10-minute video with similar and additional information.
If you want to dig deeper with more advanced students, Smarter Every Day has a fun 16-minute video that goes into more details about what to expect during a total solar eclipse, through the eyes of someone excitedly learning about it. (He’s really excited about shadow bands!)
Great American Eclipse shows a 3-minute animation fly-by of the 2017 eclipse’s path over the United America. The shape of the moon nicely illustrates why the edges of the path only get a short duration of a few seconds while the middle of the path gets a much longer duration about two minutes.
CLIPS OF ECLIPSES
If you only watch one: The best actual eclipse clip is mikewattsuk’s clip of the 1999 solar eclipse over Britain. The commentators excitedly describe the advancing shadow and the sunset around the whole horizon. The clip beautifully shows the transition from the final sliver of sunlight to the diamond ring effect to the corona, backed by a cheering crowd and exciting music.
BBC has some high-quality footage of a total solar eclipse over Varanasi, India, leading up to the totality:
Stargate Media has a more tranquil scene from a total solar eclipse over Svalbard, Norway. This doesn’t show the eclipse itself very well, but it shows the overall day-to-night change and it has a cool 360 degree panorama that allows you to pan the camera and see the sunrise effect around the entire horizon (use the arrows on the top left).
Finally, Dave Kodama has a cool split-screen clip of a total solar eclipse over Easter Island that dramatically shows the darkening of the sky simultaneously with a pretty good shot of the transition from the sunlight sliver to the diamond ring to the corona.
CONNECTING TO GOD AND CREATION
For Christian parents/educators, solar eclipses are a great opportunity for making two spiritual connections.
The order of the universe: First, solar eclipses illustrate how scientists can precisely predict the path of eclipses down to the second, several decades in advance, thanks to the mathematical equations that describe the motion of celestial bodies by the laws of gravity. I think this illustrates the elegance and order of the “fine-tuned universe” God created. (For more advanced students, this can be connected to lessons about Kepler’s orbital laws, Newton’s gravitational laws, and Einstein’s theory of relativity, which was proved by measuring the position of a star during the solar eclipse in 1919.)
Discovering the universe: Second, the “coincidences” involved in solar eclipses show how the universe goes beyond just a design for us to exist, but is also designed for us to experience the glory of discovering and exploring it! (Proverbs 25:2)
- The first coincidence: Many of the video clips above describe the fact that the moon can perfectly cover the sun as a “coincidence” – the sun is about four hundred times bigger than the moon, but it’s also about four hundred times farther away.
- The second coincidence: The Case For A Creator describes the remarkable additional “coincidence” that total solar eclipses can only be observed on the one planet in our solar system that happens to have observers. It also describes the many scientific discoveries we’ve been able to make by studying them.
- The third coincidence (optional): For Christians who believe in Deep Time, there’s a third coincidence. The moon’s gravitational effect on Earth’s tides also results in the moon being pushed slowly away from the Earth, currently at a rate of about 3 centimeters per year. According to Deep Time projections, this means that millions of years ago, the moon would have been too close for a total solar eclipse to reveal the sun’s atmosphere, which in addition to the beautiful display has many educational benefits. And hundreds of millions of years in the future, the moon will be always too far away to cover the sun, even at its closest point. So total solar eclipses are only visible for roughly 10% of the history of the Earth, meaning that not only are observers in the only place in the solar system where total solar eclipses are observable, but observers are also in the only time in the solar system where total solar eclipses are observable.
While there’s nothing about total solar eclipses that proves the existence of God, when you put them in the context of all the other “coincidences” that necessary for Earth to sustain life at all, I like to think of them as a beautiful bonus gift from the One who set the “greater” and “lesser” lights in their paths in the beginning, both for our wonder of the universe and to help us learn more about it. (For more advanced students, this can be connected to resources like The Case For A Creator, The Privileged Planet and other discussions about the “fine-tuned universe”)
The heavens declare the glory of God,
and the sky above proclaims his handiwork. (Psalm 19:1 ESV)
- NASA’s interactive total solar eclipse map – see the path of totality. Click on a spot to see the duration of the partial and total eclipse.
- Scientific American: A Partial Eclipse Is Interesting, A Total Eclipse Is Mind-Blowing
If I missed a great video or other resource, please share in the comments!